Masons constitute a general group of specialized workers, including brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons. They use brick, concrete, and stones for building foundations, walkways, chimneys, or retaining walls.
Masons need to know how to read construction documents, plans, and specifications in order to perform their jobs correctly. They must be able to understand plans so that they can correctly calculate the amount and cost of materials needed to complete projects.
As well as building basic projects, masons lay out intricate patterns and foundations. All projects begin by cutting materials, mixing mortar or grout, and planning instructions. Once everything is laid out and in place, masons clean up any excess mortar, as well as fill in joints and polish surfaces.
The following are examples of types of masons:
Brickmasons and blockmasons (i.e., bricklayers) work specifically with bricks and concrete blocks.
Refractory masons restore and replace furnaces, kilns, and basins; they work with high-heat bricks and ceramic coatings.
Stonemasons work with natural and artificial stone materials.
Cement masons and concrete finishers pour and smooth out foundations and other concrete projects.
Masons are normally required to complete an apprenticeship in order to begin their careers. However, some masons gain experience as assistants. Others attend a technical school to earn a degree, the credit of which can be used toward completing an apprenticeship. Although many ways to become a mason are available, a high-school diploma or equivalent is required.
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The average starting salary is $31,427. With experience, they can possibly earn up to or over $47,021.
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